(Also available in Word format: SpentNuclearFuelAdvocacy.docx.)
The League of Women Voters of New Mexico (LWVNM) supports the disposal of spent nuclear fuel only when it is implemented in a manner that protects public health and safety and the environment. Specifically, the League supports:
Therefore, during the licensing approval process for the proposed Consolidated Interim Storage Facilities (CISFs) in New Mexico (NM/Holtec) and Texas (TX/ISP), LWVNM would urge that license approval be withheld unless the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC):
If the NM/TX CISF license applications pending with the NRC are approved, LWVNM asks the NRC to impose a limit on the number of NRC license renewals allowed for CISFs until a permanent disposal solution for SNF is approved.
LWVNM also asks the New Mexico legislature to pass legislation to direct the NM Environment Department to oversee activities at the proposed NM CISF site to ensure compliance with environmental regulations as it does at DOE and DOD sites. The bill should include a budget for additional NMED staff as required.
Interim Storage Partners is a cooperative business agreement among the prior Waste Control Specialists, ORANO (formerly AREVA) and NAC. This site is located near the NM/TX border, 5 miles from Eunice, NM and 15 miles from Hobbs, NM. Due to this proximity, it is assumed that the majority of both the ISP and the emergency response workforces and impacted facilities (hospitals, fire departments, security personnel) will be located in southeastern NM.
HOLTEC is a major nuclear industry giant with activities spanning nuclear reactor decommissioning, dry cask design and fabrication, and ownership including operation of numerous ISFSIs internationally. HOLTEC currently owns SNF at multiple ISFSIs and shutdown reactors and will purchase the ELEA site midway between Carlsbad and Hobbs, NM upon NRC license approval.
Interim Storage Partners (ISP) is a cooperative business which includes Waste Control Specialists, ORANO (formerly AREVA the French nuclear reactor operator and owner of SNF and ISFSIs internationally; and NAC, a SNF cask design, fabrication, and transport corporation.
HOLTEC and Interim Storage Partners are private corporations that are proposing storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel from all U.S. commercial nuclear power reactors. Both have decades of successful business applications in nuclear power, domestically and internationally. Both have license applications for CISFs submitted to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC 2017-18) with anticipated approval in 2021 and subsequent SNF receipt in 2023-24, following site construction. The license applications will be valid for 20 years, but other nuclear industry practices highlight potential license renewals and questionable “interim” status.
Information from the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for URENCO, located in Eunice, New Mexico, 5 miles from Hobbs, will be applied for qualification of the TX/Interim Storage Partners and NM/HOLTEC CISF license applications. This is due to similarities in geology, topography, air and water resources, wildlife habitat and other assumptions.
Agreement States: NRC provides assistance to states expressing interest in establishing programs to assume NRC regulatory authority under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. Section 274 of the act provides a statutory basis under which NRC relinquishes to the states portions of its regulatory authority to license and regulate byproduct materials (radioisotopes); source materials (uranium and thorium); and certain quantities of special nuclear materials. The mechanism for the transfer of NRC's authority to a state is an agreement signed by the governor of the state and the chairman of the NRC, in accordance with section 274b of the Act.
Consolidated Interim Storage Facility: A Consolidated Interim Storage Facility would be a site to which irradiated high-level nuclear waste would be moved before being shipped to a currently non-existent permanent repository.
Corrosion: Corrosion was identified at San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station for specific materials that are used in the SNF casks stored throughout the US. Additional U.S. nuclear power plants and ISFSIs are adjacent to bodies of water, which promotes corrosion of some materials applied for SNF casks.
Greater than Class C (GTCC) waste: There are four classes of low-level radioactive waste in ascending order of hazard: Class A, B, C, and GTCC. GTCC has concentrations of certain radionuclides above the Class C limits. NRC regulations require that GTCC waste must be deposited in a deep geologic repository, unless another disposal facility has been approved by the NRC. All shutdown US reactors need to dispose of GTCC as well as SNF for restoration and reuse of the site by the community. The 2019 U.S. NRC Rulemaking covering GTCC storage/disposal will enable the Interim Storage Partners CISF to include GTCC with SNF storage.
High level vs. low level radioactive waste: There are three types of radioactive waste produced by nuclear generating stations – low, intermediate, and high-level waste.
Low-level waste consists of industrial items (such as mops, rags, cloths, paper towels, clothing and floor sweepings) that have become contaminated with low levels of radioactivity during routine cleanup and maintenance activities at nuclear generating stations. Intermediate-level waste is more highly radioactive and consists primarily of used reactor core components and resins and filters used to purify reactor water systems. High-level waste is the used nuclear fuel. When used fuel bundles are removed from the reactor, they are highly radioactive, contain long-lived radioactivity and generate significant heat.
Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation: An Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation is a complex designed and constructed for the interim storage of spent nuclear fuel; solid, reactor-related, greater than Class C waste; and other associated radioactive materials.
Karst: Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. It is characterized by underground drainage systems with sinkholes and caves. Subterranean drainage may limit surface water, with few to no rivers or lakes. However, in regions where the dissolved bedrock is covered (perhaps by debris) or confined by one or more superimposed non-soluble rock strata, distinctive karst features may occur only at subsurface levels and can be totally missing above ground.
Spent Nuclear Fuel/Used Nuclear Fuel: Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), termed used nuclear fuel by the commercial nuclear power industry, is nuclear fuel that has been irradiated in a nuclear reactor.
State and tribal notifications: When shipments of irradiated reactor fuel and certain nuclear wastes pass through a state and through federally recognized tribal reservations, licensees must provide advance notification to the state governor and to tribal governments.